Recently highlighted by Aamir Khan, an important observation deserves our attention at the earliest. It is true that a nation’s progress and prosperity is somehow affected by the status of facilities provided to the disabled people in the country. This speaks so much of a country’s GDP as well. GDP growth rate eventually comes from the growth of education and infrastructure, which are essential for bringing an end to the discrimination against the disabled.
Discrimination against the disabled is a fundamental problem of our country, which demands something more than sympathy for its complete eradication. Though there exists several rights and acts in our constitution which guarantee the availability of opportunities to the disabled, but they do not suffice to bring them to the mainstream. India is a signatory to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disablilities which specifically states that persons with disabilities are to be treated as equals to persons without disabilities. But instead the persons with disabilities here are outcasted majorly because of denial of access to them. The constitutional acts – the Persons with Disabilities Act 1995, the National Trust Act, 1999 (for creation and monitoring of a trust for the welfare of persons with autism, cerebral palsy, mental retardation and multiple disabilities), the Mental Health Act, 1987 (to regulate the mental health services) and the Rehabilitation Council of India Act, 1992 (to regulate rehabilitation services) though give some preferences and special facilities to the disabled persons but at the same time they put disabled in a different class altogether. Our constitution needs to be amended, only then affirmative action for ending this gruelling discrimination can be taken. There is no special provision in the consitution which ensures that the disabled are included in the society.