Important terms in polity

Censorship: A condition under which the freedom of expression is taken away. Citizens have to take prior permission from the censor authorities of the government for making a speech or publishing news and views. Anything that the government finds objectionable cannot be published.Polity

Coalition: An alliance of people, association, parties or nations. This alliance may be ad hoc or a matter of convenience.

Colony: Territory under the immediate political control of another state.

Communist State: A state governed by a communist party without admitting other parties to compete for power. The state controls all the big property and industry.

Martial Law: A system of rules that effects when a military authority takes control of the normal administration of justice.

Political prisoners: Persons held in prison or otherwise detained, perhaps under house arrest, because a government considers their ideas, image or activities as a threat to the authority of the state. Often exaggerated or false cases are foisted on them and they are kept in custody without following normal law.

Referendum: A direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. This may be adoption of new constitution, a law or a specific government policy.

Strike: Mass refusal by works or employees to perform work due to certain grievances or because their demand is not met. In most democratic countries the right to strike is legal.

Trade Union: An association of workers for the purpose of maintaining or improving the conditions of their employment.

Veto: The word comes from Latin, which means ‘I Forbid’. A veto gives unlimited power to stop decision. It is right of person, party or nation to stop a certain decision or law, but not to adopt one.



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