After a debate of almost 2 days, finally the well known Land Bill, The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement (Amendment) Bill, 2015 has been adopted by the Lok Sabha on Tuesday.
Key points of the Land Bill
- This Land Bill seeks to Amend the Act of 2013 (LARR Act, 2013)
- The current bill creates five special categories of land use:
- Rural Infrastructure
- Affordable housing
- Industrial corridors
- Infrastructure Projects using PPP (Public Private Partnership) projects in case where the Central Government owns the land
- For the five categories, The Land Bill 2015 exempts them from the provisions of LARR Act, 2013 which requires the consent of at least 80% of the land owners to be obtained for private projects. And the consent of 70% of land owners for PPP projects.
- Any projects in the above five categories are also exempted from from requiring Social Impact Assessment to be done to identify those affected, and from the restrictions on the acquisition of irrigated multi-cropped land imposed by LARR Act 2013
- This Bill also brings provisions for compensation, rehabilitation and resettlement under other related acts such as the National Highways Act and the Railways Act in consonance with the LARR Act.
- The Bill changes acquisition of land for private companies mentioned in LARR Act, 2013 to acquisition for ‘private entities’. A private entity could include companies, corporations and non-profit organizations.
- Congress and BJD (Biju Janata Dal) moved out ahead of the voting to protest – the clause which mandates taking the consent of the farmer before acquisition of the land by the Central Government. However, Lok Janshakti Party stood in support of the Bill.
- So far the Government has made nine amendments to the Bill, and all of them were adopted.