Have you ever pondered over how you feel when somebody interferes in your property ,or when somebody disturbs your personal life, or when someone attempts to take your things forcefully, or when you feel that there is danger to your prestige , culture, religion , etc?
You will repel, get annoyed, lose temper, and sometimes you will go beyond limits to be on safer side. Its human nature that we are unable to tolerate any interference in our life and personal things. But what when we do the same to others?
Jarawa tribes of Andaman and Nicobar Island, who are believed to be descendents of African tribes, are confronted by these problems amounting to impingement . While majority of the tribes’ people restrict themselves to their jungles , some of them have started mingling with the people of villages and towns . The roads that have been constructed inside their domain in forest ,have in reality contrived the greatest menace for their survival as many people started impinging upon their land.
This infringement risks exposing the Jarawa to diseases to which they have no immunity, and creating a dependency on outsiders, and adding to the misery are reports of sexual exploitation of Jarawa women.
Tourism is also a foreboding to the Jarawa, with tour operators driving tourists along the road through the reserve every day, in the hope of ‘spotting’ members of the tribe. Despite prohibitions, tourists often stop to make contact with the Jarawa people . A video released recently showed Jarawa tribal women and children dancing and singing for food,. The video, released by the British weekly , ‘The Observer’ , showed natives of India’s Andaman Islands hopping and clapping, as a man orders them to dance.
The Indian Supreme Court ordered the closure of the road through the Jarawa’s land in 2002 – yet it remains open, as poaching and exploitation accelerated a serious uncertainty.
In 2004 the authorities announced a new constitutional policy, stating that the Jarawa would be allowed to choose their own future, and that outside intervention in their lives would be kept to a minimum.
In India, about 75 tribal communities, who are the poorest among those listed as scheduled tribes, have been classified as PTGs , they spread across 17 states and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
The union cabinet approved the declaration of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Protection of Aboriginal tribes) Amendment Regulation 2012, under article 240 of the Constitution, that brings into effect the extension of buffer zone upto 5 km radius around the Jarawa tribal settlement in the Andaman and Nicobar islands, and provides for imprisonment up to 7 years for those violating government norms in the area. The law promises for tough penal provision to prohibit unauthorised entry, photography, videography, hunting, use of alcohol, inflammable material or biological germs, or even advertisement to attract tourists in the buffer zone. Any negligence can attract prison sentences of three to seven years and fine up to Rs. 10,000.
‘Survival for Tribal People’ is the only organization working for the tribal people’s right worldwide. Their vision is for a world where tribal peoples are recognized and respected; an end to the unjust treatment tribal peoples are subjected to; and a world where tribal people are free to live on their own lands, safe from violence, oppression and exploitation.
As an Indian one should try to protect these tribes as they are part of India and Indian culture .We should endeavour to initiate programmes and campaigns to make people aware about these tribes and their problems so that these tribes could thrive better in the single bond ,that wraps across other Indian cultures as well.