“History has been created!”
As India’s MARS mission successfully entered the red planet’s orbit, India has set a new record in the international space race. The Mangalyaan, has arrived in orbit after a 300-day marathon covering almost over 670 million kilometres (420 million miles) of distance.
In the words of ISRO chief K Radhakrishnan:
“India will become the first Asian country to have achieved this and if it happens in the maiden attempt itself, India could become the first country in the world to have reached distant Mars on its own steam in the first attempt”
And now, India has created the history by achieving the great feat in its maiden attempt itself. Mangalyaan triumphs in the Mars mission, with a budget of almost 10 times less than the US Space Agency NASA’s sending its Maven spacecraft to the Mars. It is well set to draw up more countries to launch cheaper and low budget space missions with a dream of success in their first attempts.
US, Russia, China, Japan, all of them had failed in their first mission to the red planet, even though India is a late runner but surely stands ahead of its asian rivals now. But, as the ISRO chief puts it “We are really not racing with anyone, but with ourselves to reach the next level of excellence”, India has done it.
Quick facts about the Mangalyaan mission:
- The Mars Orbiter Mission by India, was achieved on a budget of only $74 million – which is 1/10 of US mission
- The confirmation of orbit entry was received at around 8 a.m. India time (0230 GMT)
- ISRO successfully ignited the main 440 Newton liquid engine and eight small thrusters – they were fired for 24-minutes and then they trimmed the speed of the craft to allow smooth orbit
- Mangalyaan has completed a journey of 666 million km (414 million miles) in more than 10 months
- It will be now studying the climate of the red planet, its surface and will also scan it for chemical methane
- The ISRO scientists will be operating 5 instruments to gather data from the satellite
- The spacecraft is having an expected life of six months, after which its fuel will exhaust and the scientists will no longer be able to maintain its orbit
- Now, the Mangalyaan orbits along with the NASA’s Maven spacecraft (built at a cost of $671 million)
- Two thirds of the spacecraft’s parts are made by the Indian companies only like Larsen & Toubro, LART.NS and Godrej & Boyce