Gujral Doctrine

The gujral doctrine is a set of five principles to guide the conduct of foreign relations with India’s immediate neighbours as spelt out by I.K.Gujral, first as India’s foreign minister and later as prime minister.Among other factors, these five principles arise from the belief that India’s stature and strength cannot be divorced from the quality of its relations with its neighbours. It, thus, recognises the supreme importance of friendly, cordial relations with neighbours.These principles are:

1.With neighbours like Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal and Srilanka, India does not ask for reciprocity, but gives and accommodates what it can in good faith and trust.

2.No South Asian country should allow its territory to be used against the interest of another country of the region.

3.No country should interfere in the internal affairs of another.

4.All South Asian countries must respect each other’s territorial and sovereignty.

5.They should settle all their disputes through peaceful bilateral negotiations.

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